Geofences are an effective tool for the automotive industry to improve driver safety and reduce environmental impact. By setting up geofences around certain areas, vehicle movements can be automatically regulated according to preprogrammed or real-time settings, such as Advanced Driver-Assistance Systems (ADAS) or speed limits. Additionally, hybrid vehicles can be switched into electric mode when entering low emission zones or limited traffic zones in order to decrease their environmental footprint. Geofencing is a powerful technology that allows the automotive industry greater control over both driver safety and environmental protection.
Urban Vehicle Access Regulations (UVARs) are an example of Geofences which impact the automotive industry. UVAR typically tackle air pollution, limit traffic congestion, improve road safety, and redistribute public space. UVARs can be broadly defined as measures to regulate motor vehicular access to urban infrastructure. They can be broken down into different categories:
- Tolling/congestion charging
- Low emission zones (LEZ)/ Zero emission zones (ZEZ)
- Pedestrian areas
- Parking schemes
- Limited traffic zones